Anthropology is the science concerned with the study of the evolution of humankind. It encompasses the origin of human species, its physical characteristics, systems, languages, traditions, material possessions, as well as social, cultural and religious beliefs and practices.
Anthropologists also study the differentiation of physical and cultural types in human beings living in different environments all over the world. Thus, the two principal focuses in anthropology are human evolution and variation.
MAIN AREAS OF WORK
Anthropologists usually work in three major areas: teaching in colleges and universities, research, and working in museums.
Anthropology is taught in various colleges and universities all over the country, both as a B.Sc. as well as a M.Sc. programme. Postgraduates in anthropology and those with higher qualifications can opt for teaching in colleges and universities.
Research is an important aspect of anthropology. Various organizations, including the Anthropological Survey of India, public health organizations and planning commissions, also offer opportunities for research and fieldwork in the various aspects of anthropology.
Anthropologists who are employed in museums are usually required to combine research work and
administrative duties. They are often involved in carrying out various projects including excavations, and research on the anthropological collections that have been gathered for display in museums. Anthropologists are also trained in museology, which involves the display of artifacts and objects, as well as the preservation, reconstruction and classification of objects and exhibits.